The function of the walking stick is to increase the supporting surface of the walking stick: to reduce the load that the lower limbs or the body bone structure must bear. Generally, the use of a walking stick with a healthy hand can reduce the weight of the affected lower limbs by 20% to 25%. It can share the load on the patient's foot and reduce the claudication caused by the weakness of the lower limb muscles, such as those with degenerative arthritis. For patients with knee amputation, the use of a walking stick to increase the load on the arm may reduce the reaction between the stump and the prosthesis. Reducing the muscle strength required for walking and turning can reduce the pressure of blood circulation in the lower extremities in patients with peripheral vascular diseases.
It can provide information about how you feel when you act.
Need time to
In order for walking AIDS to really help with action and avoid harm, we must pay attention to the timing and proper usage. The timing of the cane includes:
When you need to improve your balance
When you need to reduce joint pain
The load carrying capacity of a mildly inflamed or injured area
It provides support for weak muscles
Make tools to explore your surroundings.
Walking stick mainly has one - legged walking stick, multi - legged walking stick and so on. One-legged walking stick, with only one support point, is suitable for people with mild lower limb dysfunction, walking instability, mild hemiplegia and the elderly. However, users are required to have a certain amount of support on their upper limbs and a certain amount of grip on their hands.
The multi-legged cane, with three or four support points, has good stability due to its large support area, but it is not convenient to go up and down stairs and stairs. It is suitable for those who are not safe to use a single - legged cane, and those with poor balance ability.
According to the carrying conditions: ordinary walking stick and portable walking stick, portable walking stick generally refers to light texture and foldable.
Most canes are made of wood, rattan, bamboo or aluminum alloy. There are many kinds of materials, but all canes must be light and flexible so that they do not get tired. When choosing, we should also pay attention to the material bearing capacity of the cane.
The point of a cane
There is a "pointed end" at the bottom of the stick. A good tip touches the ground at an Angle that makes the user comfortable and slippery. No matter what kind of material a cane is made of, anti-skid pads must be added to the parts that touch the ground in order to avoid skidding.
The handle part of the cane should not be too small, otherwise the user's hand joints are adverse; If your palms are prone to sweating, avoid using a plastic grip that is soft
Stick made of wood or latex is best grasped.
Mountaineering walking stick
The use of walking stick in mountaineering can reduce leg pressure, save physical strength, accelerate mountaineering speed, more importantly, can protect knee joint, reduce its wear and tear. Besides, the support of walking stick can effectively maintain the balance of body and make mountaineering safer. Some mountain walking stick is made of carbon fiber materials, each weighing only about 150 grams, tell from the weight, it is the dominant, although it is light weight, but it's very strong and durable, can provide enough support strength, easily support the weight of the body. This kind of cane has very good flexibility, can bend gently under the pressure of weight, thus ACTS as a buffer. Recoil can be used to push the body forward. This kind of cane has special design wrist band, it can make arm and cane form a straight line when supporting, use when descending more convenient. Adjust the length of the alpenstock: generally, the alpenstock has two sections which can be adjusted. Began to unscrew sticks all first, close to the pole at the bottom of the elongation to limit the length of the largest scale (sticks above have can reference), holding mountain-climbing stick stood on the plane to adjust the length of the sticks, arm down naturally, with the elbow as the pivot, to lift on the forearm and angulated at 90 degrees, then adjust the tip of the sticks down to touch the ground (adjust sticks when should not exceed is shown on the biggest sticks to adjust length). Finally, all the poles of the climbing rod are locked.
Use the wrist strap correctly: use the wrist strap to support the hiking stick, rather than holding the handle tightly and applying force. The bracelet is as important as the staff itself. When we go downhill with a staff, the impact of the staff should be carried from the wrist band to the arm. When climbing up the hill, the arm's thrust is transferred from the wrist band to the climbing rod, generating the help of climbing up the hill. So, wrist through the wrist strap should not be directly from above the wrist strap into a hold, but should pick up the wristbands, from the bottom of the wrist strap through, to press the tape in the palm of your hand, and then gently hold stick handles.
Maintenance of climbing canes
1.Carbon fiber cane cannot be subjected to too much lateral force, nor can it be knocked, so be careful when using it.
2.After the climbing rod is used up, if it is no longer used for a long time, its opening should be placed vertically downward.
This kind of cane has its own name -" walking aid ", which can be divided into the following three types according to the number of contact points with the ground:
1.General cane: only 1 contact point with the ground, the advantage is dexterity. However, due to the less support and balance provided, it is only suitable for slow action.
2.Three-legged walking stick: three contact points with the ground. Because of the large area of the base, it can provide better support and stability than the general cane. This kind of cane is especially suitable for rough roads.
3.Four-legged walking stick: four contact points with the ground. Stroke patients with hemiplegia who use it at the beginning of recovery can increase walking stability. However, the four-point walking stick is recommended to be used indoors because it can form multiple surfaces, and it is easy to cause shaking and instability when the road surface is not normal.
For the users of canes, it is very important to grasp the correct height of the cane, maintain the correct standing and walking posture, and make reasonable use of the support of the cane. If you hold your staff too low for a long time, you will form a hunchback, and if you hold your staff too high, you will find it difficult to get up and down stairs or stairs. The length of the walking stick is suitable and it is easy to use. On the contrary, it takes half the effort, much effort and even damages. Therefore, it is very important to choose the proper walking stick. The proper length of the cane is determined by putting on your shoes, taking an upright posture, measuring the distance between the horizontal line of the wrist and the ground, or the distance between the ulnar styloid process and the ground. When walking with the axillary staff, the cane is usually held by one hand in the hand towel on the side of the leg or foot. Limb after a crutch as support, the body moves between the former step amplitude cannot exceed normal gait so as not to fall down, crutch to parallel moving forward, not to order to slide on both sides. Stick firmly on the ground and avoid sliding. If the bed rest time is longer, start to stand and walk, often feel dizzy bulwark, easy to fall, should adapt gradually. Can practice sitting on the bed first, support by the nurse later, stand in the room for a short time, after adjusting to the practice of turning to stand walk. With the development of science and technology, the design and manufacture of crutches are becoming more and more sophisticated. Such as tensile stick, can not only hold it under your arms, to walk can also use my hands button crutch, height can be adjusted using folding cane, can use when walking sticks at ordinary times, need can also fold up food in when the bench seat four legs crutch, use rise more stable than "single leg crutch".
First: two ways to determine the height of a cane
Determine the stick method 1: the height of the body upright, with 30 ° elbow flexion, wrist joint dorsiflexion about 30 ° state holding a walking stick, make a cane MATS in toe front and lateral side where all the 15 cm square distance. Method 2 to determine the height of the walking stick: stand upright, walking stick height and large rotor
The nodule is at an equal height.
Second: to determine the height of axillary rod
Take the standing position, put the axillary rod under the axilla, and keep the distance from the axilla from 3cm to 4cm(2 fingers). Two axillary rod strut pad
Place the right Angle 15cm in front of the toe and 15cm in the outside. About 30 ° elbow flexion, the handle is the same as the big rotor height.
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