The Help-line device is often used in older elderly people to provide support and maintain balance.
The gait training method: Adjust the height of the help-line device, the patient head chest, binocular horizontal front, buttocks do not tilt up, both hands supporting the support line, first enable the help line to advance a step, the limb lift up to the maximum possible to maintain the flexion of the knee, and maintain 10s to the front landing, and then the help of the line to move forward a step, The limb repeats the limb, but at this point the limb stretches as far as possible to maintain the balance of the body. Practice so repeatedly.
At any time to guide the patient's walking gait, and strive to each standard of action, rather slow and accurate, but also not fast and limp.
Cane application: When the affected limb needs only slight support, the cane can be used. Liu Huan, Eason Chan used the cane, I believe that we have a wink. Stars of the legs of the operation, began to wheelchair to go, and later the Gala and Faye Wong together to sing, in order to stage effect, singing later is one hand with the microphone.
Specific to different fracture sites, the use of the help line, decomposition is as follows:
Patients with femoral neck fracture: to guide the patient in the correct activity, the nurse should assess whether the patient needs to be assisted to complete daily life, instruct the patient to sit up, move to the wheelchair and walk in the transfer and walking training. Non-surgical treatment of patients after 3 months can gradually use crutches, the affected limb in the case of not bearing the practice of walking, 6 months after the turn to walk.
When allowed to get out of bed, instruct the patient to use the walker or crutches to walk properly with the accompanying person;
Femoral shaft fracture: walk training, start to need to support the walker or crutches, so that the affected limb in the case of carrying out the practice of walking, need someone to accompany, prevent fall, the patient limb gradually.
Tibial and fibular shaft fracture: After removal traction or external fixation, follow the instructions to the calf, knee flexion and hip exercise and all kinds of exercise; walk gradually.
Pelvic fractures: Guide patients to reasonable activity, allowing patients to get out of bed, can use walker or crutches, so that the upper and lower limbs share weight.
Spinal Cord Injury: Guide the patient to sit on the bed and use the wheelchair → Walker and so on up and down bed and walking method.
Dislocation of Hip: After 4 weeks, remove skin traction, instruct patient to help crutches activity. After 3 months, the limb does not bear weight, in order to avoid avascular necrosis of the femoral head or deformation due to compression. 3 months later, after X-ray examination confirmed the blood supply of the femoral head, can try to walk.
Knee fractures, ankle fractures: the use of crutches at the same time, attention to the joint function of exercise and rehabilitation.
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